Brown Coal Mine

Brown Coal Mine

Yallourn North, previously known as the Brown Coal Mine

The building of the post office brought about the naming and the official start of the Brown Mine Coal township in 1917. After World War II it was renamed Yallourn North.

First known resident

The official start of the Brown Coal Mine township would probably come as a bit of surprise to the original settler. Who owned 135 acres bordering the Morwell Shire with Anderson Creek flowing through. His name was Andors Anderson and he settled here around 1884. He dug into a hillside and compacted the dirt into a floor, putting up a front he created a dwelling. For a time only he only lived here from Friday to Sunday, as he worked in Traralgon. He walked the 18 miles to Traralgon and stayed there from Monday to Thursday. Skilled with a whittle and willow, he made sporting equipment, like cricket bats. He planted the willows as they’re not a native species of tree to the Brown Coal Mine area.

History of brown coal

Brown Coal or lignite coal was discovered after a land-slip on the side of Latrobe River banks, near Tom’s bridge, around 1879. Further investigation of mine shafts dug revealed more coal. Brown gold, coal. Henry Godridge, who discovered it, didn’t have enough capital to mine it himself. He spent the next ten years looking for investors, he found some in the Morwell Coal Mining company. The Brown Coal Mine was known as ‘The Hill’ during the time and is still sometimes still referred to as the ‘The Hill’. This venture wasn’t profitable and became difficult and they started looking for new investors. The Brown Coal Mine experienced a boom, as rumours surfaced that the State Government was taking over. People flocked to the town. There was 3 grocers, 2 butchers, 3 boarding houses and other shops cropping up on Main St.

A curiousity

One of the buildings was built without nails as they were in short supply after the first world war. There was even a two-story houses made from tin. Most people assume the entire community of Brown Coal Mine and surrounds worked for the SEC.

Local Entrepreneurs

The Meers men didn’t. (Only men could work at the SEC.) Harry Meers built a grocery store, that was the go-to shop. His wife, Fanny ran a boarding house, later when Ada, his daughter was looking for work he bought her a restaurant to manage. His sons, worked in different jobs and moved away, one worked in the dairy industry. another worked in the government Foundry at Footscray and the other a foreman on the NSW railways. The Meers moved to the Brown Coal Mine in 1916 and are also considered a founding family.

The SEC started building power plants in 1922. The Brown Coal Mine attracted people who didn’t want their employer and landlord as the same entity, or who wanted to own their own homes.

As the Brown Coal Mine grew people lived in boarding houses, until they saved up enough to buy or build a simple dwelling. As their needs changed or income freed up they’d build again.

Mine collapsed in 1950

In 1950 the town changed irrevocably, the mine destabilised and Main Street being right on the edge of the mine. The Bakery split and other shops fittings pulled from the walls, 9 families were relocated. There are still discrepancies in how many or how much fell into the mine. Luckily, no lives were lost. The baker’s apprentice wasn’t so sure she’d survive for some time as she held onto the edge of new mine.

This drove change, the shops relocated to where they are today on Reserve Street. While they rebuilt the shops, they also took down all the shanties and built houses in the 1950’s style. A lot of history was lost in the process.

Interested in more Yallourn North history?

Joins us for a People of Yallourn North History where you’ll hear more about the people behind this town on the hill.

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Old Brown Coal Mine Museum

We recommend you visit the Old Brown Coal Mine Museum on Sunday or Monday when they’re open.

Other things to do in Yallourn North


More about the Latrobe Valley



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